Age-Based Foods for Babies and Children – HealthToday
Food is important for the growth of the body. and brain development for children of all ages children with poor nutrition will result in the body not growing fully have a deficiency in the immune system make sick easily and may affect the learning ability of children in the future
All children should be fed a nutritious diet that is appropriate for their age. For newborns up to the first 6 months should be primarily breastfed. except in some cases where breastfeeding is not possible Infant formula may be considered. After that, the baby needs additional nutrients from.”age-appropriate food for infants in order to have normal growth promote brain function Increase learning and memory potential. In addition, age-appropriate feeding for infants This will help the baby adjust to food that has a different look and taste. It also helps to promote the development of eating like an adult. that children have good eating habits It will help prevent various diseases caused by eating behaviors such as protein and energy deficiencies. iron deficiency Children have difficulty eating and choosing to eat, etc.
Recommendations for preparing meals according to age to get enough nutrients
- Provide children with a variety of highly nutritious foods. To provide enough energy and nutrients to meet the needs of children. Children should eat a variety of meats every day as they are high in protein and iron. Should eat a variety of fruits and vegetables. It is a source of minerals, vitamins and dietary fiber.
Nutrients that babies often get inadequate with age-related nutritional supplements. These include protein, iron, calcium, zinc, iodine and vitamin A. Therefore, it is recommended that children eat foods that contain these nutrients regularly:
- Foods high in iron include meat, liver, blood, and egg yolks.
- Foods high in zinc include meat, liver, seafood.
- Foods high in calcium include milk and dairy products, tofu, green leafy vegetables.
- Foods high in vitamin A include liver, egg yolks, milk, yellow vegetables and fruits, and oranges.
- Foods high in iodine include seafood.
- Use vegetable oils, especially rice bran oil and soybean oil, in children’s cooking. as a source of energy and essential fatty acids It also helps in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.
- Make a new type of food for the baby, one at a time, so parents can see if they have an allergy to that food or not.
- Can continue to breastfeed along with food according to age. And for children aged 1 – 2 years should be supplemented with modified milk formula continuously. or 2 glasses of plain cow’s milk per day
- Feed the food with the appropriate roughness according to the age range. The food given to infants between the ages of 6-8 months should have a relatively fine texture by grinding. Blended food should not be used as the baby will not practice chewing and swallowing skills. When the baby is able to feed well Therefore gradually increasing the roughness of the food up. For babies between 8-10 months, choose foods that are not very hard and allow children to use their fingers to eat by themselves, such as steamed pumpkin, cut into thin slices. But do not feed small, hard granules, such as nuts, as this can cause choking. Babies 12 months and older can eat adult food by choosing soft foods. easy to chew
- Babies should eat natural food. Do not use food additives to have a very salty taste. or too sweet
for children who are underweight or have difficulty eating, which may cause insufficient nutrition A medical diet may be considered as an alternative to supplement nutrition.
Guidelines for preparing and feeding age-appropriate foods for babies as follows
- Parents may arrange dishes to be appetizing to attract the child’s attention.
- Create a good atmosphere during meals. The caregiver encourages the child to eat. but should not be forced don’t eat and play and set a time to eat no more than 30 minutes per meal
- Practice eating discipline, such as practicing eating at the table. Let the children use the spoon to scoop their own food, not feed it.
- Parents should be a role model for eating well. To promote proper eating habits for children, including eating fruits and vegetables regularly, refraining from bagged snacks, or drinking soft drinks and sugary drinks.
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