Constipation care “For the first year of love” – HealthToday

What is constipation in children? And how important is it to the baby?

Constipation in the first year is a common problem. Especially during the age of 6 months, which is the age when the child has modified the diet from milk. It is a food according to the age added. This may result in the child’s stools having a hard lump, making it difficult to pass stools, and having discomfort due to difficulty.

Constipation is abnormal bowel movements. Having protracted bowel movements with difficulty in defecation due to hard, lumpy stools Constipation is a problem that is very important to children. Parents should not be overlooked because if left to cause chronic symptoms. It can affect both the physical and mental health of the child.

How can we notice that the baby is constipated?

Most babies defecate 3-4 times a day on average. Breastfed babies between 2-3 months of age may have defecation for as long as 28 days. and there are no other concerning symptoms such as bile vomiting, severe bloating, this period of transfusion in infants is not considered constipation at all.1 and usually return to normal bowel movements when the child is on average 3.9 months.2 However, it was found that when children began to practice eating according to their age. Children will have more defecation in combination with hard and sticky stools. It can cause a tear in the hole due to hard stools rubbing the bottom. This results in blood coming out coated with hard stool lumps. The child may have a disturbing cry from the pain. In this case, it is constipated that further appropriate treatment is required.

how to manage When your baby is constipated

Giving children foods that contain more fiber, such as fruits and vegetables, adjusted to suit the child in each age range, for example, in young children, they would normally breastfeed. As for children from the age of 6 months and starting to give food supplements. It is recommended to eat soft and easily digestible foods such as rice mixed with finely ground vegetables. In addition, the practice of excretion at regular intervals when the child is ready and does not resist. It will help reduce constipation from holding your stool in the long run as well.

Treatment of constipation using laxatives can be considered in conjunction with behavior modification and diet Emphasis is placed on safe laxatives for children, such as lactulose in children less than a year old. (Other groups of drugs may be recommended as appropriate when the child is older. It is used as a laxative to soften stools and allow them to pass easily until normal. But in the case of children with constipation or chronic constipation, consult a pharmacist or pediatrician. This is because high-dose and long-term laxatives may be required.3

References

  1. Weaver LT, Ewing G, Taylor LC. The bowel habit of milk-fed infants. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 1988;7:568-71.
  2. Choe YH, Lee JE, Moon KB, et al. The infrequent bowel movements in young infants who are exclusively breast-fed. Eur J Pediatr 2004;163:630-1.
  3. Koppen IU, Lammers LA, Benninga MA, et al. Management of functional constipation in children: therapy in practice. Pediatr Drugs 2015; 17: 349-60 Abbott

*Some of the contents of the article The authors refer to their experiences as a pediatrician specializing in constipation patients.

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