GERD What is GERD? – HealthToday

acid reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a disease caused by the flow of acid or gastric juice up the esophagus causing disturbances and/or complications.

Usually, people experience complications of acid reflux from time to time. It most often occurs after meals where the lower esophageal sphincter is opened more than usual. If it occurs in a person who does not have the disease The body will be able to effectively eliminate the reflux. Therefore, there are no symptoms that interfere or cause complications. But in people with the disease there will be disturbing symptoms. Because opening and closing the sphincter usually has more times The esophagus is unable to contract to expel any backflow. together with other factors contributing to symptoms, such as a lot of food in the stomach due to slow gastric compression or high intra-abdominal pressure, such as abdominal obesity, pregnancy, etc.

When should you suspect that you have GERD?

Gastroesophageal reflux disease can have two main symptoms:

  1. Symptoms in the esophagus This group is common, including a burning sensation behind the top of the chest. Sour or bitter belching, regurgitation, or chest pain that isn’t caused by heart disease.
  2. Symptoms outside the esophagus These symptoms are the result of acid or gastric juice reflux up to the larynx or pharynx, causing symptoms outside the esophagus, such as chronic cough, hoarseness, tooth decay, phlegm, pharyngitis, pharyngitis, chronic inflammation of the inner eardrum, etc.

Self-care before going to the doctor

If you suspect that you have symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease. You can take care of yourself first as follows:

  1. behavior modification It is recommended to lose weight in people who are overweight or gaining weight during the symptoms. Eat less, break into small meals, do not go down in the lying position after a meal for at least 2-3 hours, do not wear tight clothing. too Lie on the bed with the head elevated from the waist. If you have symptoms at night Refrain from or reduce the foods and beverages that trigger symptoms. Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking.
  2. Taking medications to reduce acid secretion You may consider taking oral antacids if your symptoms are mild and there are no warning signs.

When to see a doctor

See your doctor if you have symptoms that suspect acid reflux and include warning signs, such as difficulty swallowing, weight loss, black or bloody stools. or cases that do not respond to initial treatment

Additional searches when going to the doctor

Most often it begins with an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Other tests include inserting a 24-hour esophageal reflux catheter or checking esophageal strictures.

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